An incremential daily backup script using rsync.
Copyright ©2015 by Florian Beer
This script comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY.
This is free software, and you are welcome to redistribute it
under certain conditions. See CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 for details.
hactar [OPTIONS] SOURCE TARGET
You can read about my motivation for creating this script and how I am using it in this blogpost: My backup strategy
Hactar is meant to be run daily, preferably when there is little load on your machine and rsyncs the contents of SOURCE to TARGET. Each day there will be a new subdirectory with the current date. Unchanged files will automatically be hardlinked to existing files to save diskspace.
Hactar sends a message tagged “hactar” to syslog stating SOURCE and TARGET on start and logs the total runtime when finished. This feature depends on
python being installed on your machine.
-r NUM number of days to keep old backups -e FILE specify rsync excludes filename -v increase verbosity -d dry run -h show this message -V show version number
Source or target can be a remote directory (via SSH) or a local path. See
rsync manpage for details.
hactar -v -e my_exludes / /backup hactar example.com:/home /backup hactar /var/www example.com:/mnt/backup hactar -r 7 /var/log /backup/logs
- Save this shell script to e.g.
/usr/local/bin/hactarand make it executable:
chmod +x /usr/local/bin/hactar
- Optionally, create a new file called
/etc/hactar.excludesand list all directories and/or filtermaps you don’t need in your backup (see
rsyncmanpage for details).
My excludes contents:
/backup /bin /boot /dev /lib /lib64 /lost+found /media /mnt /proc /run /sbin /selinux /sys /tmp /var/cache /var/lock /var/run /var/tmp /var/swap.img
- Create a cron entry to run this script each day:
0 3 * * * /usr/local/bin/hactar / /backup > /dev/null
This line calls the script each night at 3am and rsyncs the contents of
/backup and sends you an email you if any errors occured during runtime.